Are you unsure about whether you should be buying a step-through e-bike or a step-over?Since the first design in early 1800s, the geometry of bike frames has undergone continuous evolution to match with cyclists’ travel needs and preference for the bike's appearance. This article will introduce the pros and cons of these two frames’ geometry to help you choose the best electric bike.
Just from looking at the frames on these two options, you can see a step-through electric bike is designed to have no top tube. This results in a number of differences, but there is no right or wrong when choosing between these frames, only which you prefer.
What is a step-through ebike?
Step-through ebikes allow riders to simply pass their legs through the frame to mount without having to lift their legs up very far. For this reason, they were originally intended as a frame for women wearing dresses to board their bicycles without the risk of tearing clothing.
These are still sometimes marketed as women's electric bikes, and regardless of what you are wearing, a step thru electric bike for women may be your best choice. However, it is important to weigh the actual advantages and disadvantages for your situation and riding style.
Let's take a look at the pros and cons of this frame to give you a good idea of what it can offer you.
Advantages of Step-through ebike
Easily get on and off
Thanks to the step-through frame, the rider requires little effort to handle the bike and take shelter from danger in any emergency situations.
Friendly for senior or arthritic patients
For riders with painful joints and limited movement in their hands and feet, a step-through electric bike is the best choice. A moderate amount of cycling can relieve joint pain while minimizing wear and tear on the joints.
Not limited by your wardrobe
Whatever you wear, whether it’s skirts or a men's suit, this attire is often stiff and makes it difficult to mount and dismount step-over electric bikes. In contrast, step-through ebikes make it easy to mount, no matter what you wear.
Perfect for Casual Riding
The comfort and easy mounting and dismounting make step-through e-bikes perfect for casual rides such as shopping, running errands, or simply going for a fun ride.
Disadvantages of Step-through ebike
To compensate for the reduced stability of the step-through frame due to the lack of top tube and guarantee the safety to ride, these electric bikes are often made thicker and with heavier, more durable materials.
Lower Top Speed
Step-through bikes have a slightly lower top speed than a over step bike, which may be a bit lacking for cyclists. But it's more than enough for daily commuting and running errands and extremely suitable for those looking for comfort and stability.
Poor for Steep Terrain
Limited by its geometric design, this type of e-bike is not suitable for long-term mountain form. The down tube of step-through frame is put under a lot of stress and can bend slightly when riding uphill. Over time, it can make the ebike less stable and potentially dangerous to ride in some circumstances.
Harder to Accessorize
Without a top tube, step-through ebikes can’t handle some accessories, such as water bottle holders. It has become easier to find accessories suited to this frame geometry in recent years, but you may still notice the difference in availability.
What is a step-over ebike?
A high step/step-over ebike is designed with a top tube, making the distinctive triangle frame that they are known for. This popular frame design is durable and lightweight and has seen very few changes over the years as a result.
Let's take a look at the pros and cons of step-over e-bikes to see if this is the right choice for you.
Advantages of step-over ebike
The frame geometry of step-over ebikes is simply stronger. This design will stand up to a lot of abuse and last for thousands of miles of riding.
Step-over electric bikes are designed to handle rougher terrain. Whether you are looking for rough mountain riding or simply riding off-road, step-over ebikes are more capable of handling it due to their frame geometry.
Due to their sturdy frame geometry, step-over e-bikes are typically made with lighter, thinner material. This means easier pedaling and a greater top speed as well.
Disadvantages of Step-over ebike
The frame may have inherent advantages in durability, but it is important to keep in mind that the material these bikes are made from is likely to be weaker and thinner. This means that with the exception of some ebikes designed for intense riding, they still may not be up to the demands of hardcore riding.
The bent-over sitting posture step-over e-bikes require as well as the amount you have to lift your leg to get on and off mean a less comfortable ride. This makes them less suited for wearing formal attire as well as for those with mobility issues.
Choosing between step-through and step-over ebikes
Between step-through and step-over affordable ebikes, the decision really comes down to your preference. Here are our recommendations for different groups of people:
Step-through ebikes are most suitable for:
People who need to get on and off their bikes constantly
People who often wear skirts or a men's suit
Senior or arthritic patients who want to relieve joint pain
People with leg disabilities or impaired mobility
Commuters who need to cut through traffic
Step-over electric bikes are much better for:
Those whose residence is surrounded by rocky paths or rugged mountain roads
Cyclists who love weaving through various terrains at breakneck speed
We saved the best for last. Nesta, a folding step-through ebike with fat tires, is the perfect step-through e-bike. It’s built to offer easy mounting and dismounting and a highly upright sitting position. Combined with its ergonomic design, this makes it safe and easy to use for riders of all ages. Click here to explore more.